Recycling and disposal of electronic waste in Spain
Legal basis for electronic waste disposalThe legal basis for the disposal of electronic waste in Spain is Royal Decree 110/2015 of 20 February on waste electrical and electronic equipment (hereinafter referred to as RD 110/2015), which is mainly based on the EU Directive 2012/19 directive.
The disposal of electronic waste is handled by the Waste Coordination Committee of the Spanish Ministry of Agriculture, Food and the Environment (MAGRAMA).
Share Operation & Maintenance Costs
Spain has a national-level electronic waste disposal information platform, whose operation and maintenance costs are shared by MAGRMA and the electronics manufacturer.
The Waste Coordination Committee also needs to formulate annual disposal plans and targets for electronic waste. For example, the recycling rate of EU type 3 and 4 electronic waste will reach 80% and 85% after August 2018.
E-waste recycling channels include recycling systems for local authorities, recycling systems for distributors, recycling systems for manufacturers, and recycling systems for electronic waste disposal companies.
Consumers don't have to pay for electronic waste recycling. Recycled electronic waste should be registered; electronic waste containing mercury, lead, and ozone-depleting substances should be recycled separately; recycling and storage sites require government authorization.
Government Approved Qualifications
E-waste transportation units need to have government-approved qualifications for transportation. The disposal of electronic waste specified in RD 110/2015 is based on the principle of recycling. electronic waste disposal companies must meet the relevant conditions to obtain qualifications for disposal. For the disposal costs of electronic waste, Spain also adopts an extended producer responsibility system.
For household electronic waste, producers need to pay for recycling, transportation, and disposal costs; for commercial electronic waste, they need to pay at least the disposal costs for electronic products that enter the market after 2005.