Recycling and disposal of electronic waste in Japan
Due to resource shortages, Japan has formulated a series of laws and regulations on the disposal and recycling of e-waste.
Japan implemented the Home Appliance Recycling Law
Japan implemented the Home Appliance Recycling Law in 2001, regulating the disposal of different electrical appliances, and set the expected recovery rate of televisions, washing machines, air conditioners, and refrigerators (2009) to 55% / 60% (CRT TV / flat TV), 65%, 70%, and 60% (INFORM report).
Deliver e-waste to retailers
Consumers can deliver e-waste to retailers, or they can take the e-waste to a collection point set up by a local government or a designated legal entity. The cost of e-waste recycling and delivery is determined by the consumer when delivering the waste electronic product. bear.
In 2012, the recycling and transportation costs of televisions, washing machines, air conditioners, and refrigerators were 2,000, 2,050, 2,450, and 2,600 yen per unit (pieces). The collected electronic waste and relevant bills paid by consumers are transferred to the manufacturer, and the manufacturer will uniformly process the electronic waste.
Among them, it is worth noting that small and medium-sized producers enjoy disposal immunity. Throughout the recycling process, manufacturers and consumers are jointly responsible for the costs incurred in the recycling of electronic waste.
No special foundation for recycle
Japan does not set up a special foundation to manage the fund, nor does it provide fund subsidies to dismantled enterprises.
Japan started to implement the “Recycling and Recycling Promotion Law of Waste Small Electronic Products” (hereinafter referred to as “Promotion Law”) in April 2013. Regarding recycling targets, the Promotion Law stipulates 28 categories of small-scale electronic waste products, of which 16 categories of "specific target products" are given priority for recycling.
Based on their actual conditions choose recycling targets
Local governments can choose recycling targets based on their actual conditions. Unlike the Home Appliance Recycling Law, the Promotion Law does not clearly define the responsibilities and obligations of related parties, but instead calls on the state, local governments, manufacturers, retailers, consumers, processing enterprises and other relevant parties to assist in cooperation. Voluntary recycling is a promotional system.