Electronic waste recycling and disposal in United States
At present, there are no federal-level laws on extended producer responsibility systems in the United States. The main regulations are the National Computer Recycling Act and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act.
Based on the actual conditions to implemente the laws
Each state government promulgated and implemented the laws on the extension of the producer responsibility system based on the actual conditions of the state.
As of 2015, a total of 25 states in the United States have promulgated laws and regulations related to electronic waste management.
First state to recycle and dispose of electronic waste
Of these, California was the first state to recycle and dispose of electronic waste. At present, the main statute under which it is based is the Electronic Waste Recycling Act of 2003 / SB 50: Emergency Amendment to SB 20.
Beginning July 1, 2004, consumers will be required to pay US $ 6, US $ 8, or US $ 10 for electronic products less than 15 inches, 15 to 35 inches, and 35 inches or more in accordance with the Act. Disposal at the end of life. The dealer will pay the fees collected to the Board of Equaliza⁃tion (BOE), and the BOE will pay the processing fee to the qualified company according to the amount of disposal, and the disposal company will pay the recycling company's cost and expenses.
It is worth noting that in different periods, the disposal costs that consumers need to pay vary greatly (see Figure 3). Take the cost of electronic waste greater than or equal to 35 inches as an example. The cost in 2005-2008 was $ 10, which increased to $ 25 in 2009-2010, but has been reduced to $ 7 since 2017.
Payment determined by market
The change in fees is mainly determined by market and disposal costs, which is a feature that distinguishes California's electronic waste disposal from other countries and regions.
New York implemente
New York State implemented the State's Electronic Equipment Recycling and Reuse Act on April 1, 2011.
Different between state
This bill is different from California's electronic waste disposal method. Manufacturers need to pay for electronic waste recycling and disposal costs. For-profit organizations with more than 50 full-time positions or non-profit organizations with more than 75 full-time positions also need to pay for certain electronic waste. Disposal costs.
New York State has fixed and temporary collection points, and the managers of collection points are required to submit annual reports on March 1 of each year. electronic waste storage, transportation and disposal companies need to be registered and filed.
The State of New York has clearly established a record period for electronic waste disposal companies (3 years) to facilitate auditing and inspection.